Wednesday, 14 September 2011
The originally wooden fortress at Shlisselburg was built in the mouth of the Neva river in 1323 though there was another fortification there before it. At the time it was called Oreshek, after the island it stands on. Oroshek means nut, the island being nut shaped.
In 1352 it was rebuilt in stone. It was taken by Sweden in 1611 during the Ingrian War. During the great Northern War it was recaptured by Russia and renamed Shlisselburg, from the German meaning key fortress. Peter the Great considered it to be the key to Ingria (a historical Baltic region).
There's a whole area of history there that I know little about. At least I've heard of Peter the Great.